Living Standards In The UK Are Dropping At A Record Rate As Inflation Soars

Living Standards In The UK Are Dropping At A Record Rate As Inflation Soars.

Although there are more individuals working, the cost of living situation is getting worse since wages are not keeping up with inflation.

Living standards for British employees fell at a record rate in May as a result of pay increases that lagged behind inflation.

According to the Office for National Statistics, the private and public sectors’ combined earnings grew by 4.3 percent in the three months to May when bonuses were excluded. However, this resulted in record-low pay growth of 2.8 percent year over year.

Labour blamed the Conservative government for the fall in real wages, saying it “left people more exposed to inflation and the cost of living crisis”.

Frances O’Grady, general secretary of the TUC, stated that candidates running for the leadership of the Tory party should be aware that “UK workers are experiencing the harshest pay squeeze in modern history.”

“Wage growth across the economy must be the objective for the country, not tax cuts,” she continued.

Compared to the private sector, where pay growth was roughly five times quicker, public sector employees fared significantly worse. In the three months from March to May, average pay growth, including bonuses, was 7.2 percent for the private sector and 1.5 percent for the public sector, for a combined average of 6.2 percent.

The government is expected to announce pay awards for 2.5 million public sector workers on Tuesday, with reports that it will offer average pay increases of 5%. That would be well below the 9.1% rate of inflation, which is likely to rise above 11% in the autumn, according to the Bank of England.

Strong bonus payments in some sectors gave a boost to the figures, the ONS said, with pay in the financial and professional services and construction sectors growing by 8.2% and 8.1%, respectively.

Torsten Bell, the chief executive of the Resolution Foundation, said it was “staggering” that the top 1% of earners – those with pay packets above £170,000 – had secured an 11% pay rise.

The ONS said the 4.3% increase in pay without bonuses marked a 2.8% fall in earnings against its preferred measure of inflation – the consumer prices index including housing (CPIH). Against the standard CPI measure of inflation, used by the Treasury and Bank of England, the drop in real pay over the three months to May was 3.7%, the TUC said.

There was better news from figures showing that the number of people in employment jumped in May. More than 290,000 workers joined the labour market, about 120,000 more than forecast by City analysts. Meanwhile, unemployment remained steady at 3.8% and employers pushed up the level of vacancies to a fresh high.

However, employers failed to attract many of the workers who quit the labour market during the pandemic, leaving the employment rate of 75.9% below pre-pandemic levels.

Business groups complained that firms struggled to recruit staff, causing delays to orders and a loss of income.

Jane Gratton, a senior official at the British Chambers of Commerce, said: “The labour market remains incredibly tight, in many cases affecting firms’ ability to maintain normal operations. Although these figures show the employment rate has risen, it is having no noticeable impact on the overall number of job vacancies.”

She added that an acute shortage of workers was “choking off any hope of a recovery for many firms, as inflation, supply chain disruption and energy costs also add to their headaches”.

Matthew Percival of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), said: “Persistent labour and skills shortages are hitting growth and business investment, exacerbating the cost-of-living crisis. Boosting business confidence to accelerate growth should be front of mind for the current and next government.”

Bank of England officials are expected to raise interest rates when they meet next month, despite warnings of an impending recession and pay increases falling short of inflation.

Analysts said the Bank’s monetary policy committee (MPC) would focus on the tightness of the labour market after a much larger than expected increase in employment and how this could translate into higher pay rises as the year progresses.

Many of the MPC’s nine members fear that without higher interest rates to slow the economy, workers will drive wages towards the current 9.1% level of inflation, adding to business costs and pushing prices higher next year.

Martin Beck, the chief economic adviser to the EY Item Club, said: “Most indicators suggest that the labour market remains tight by historical standards. But there’s still little evidence to suggest that tightness is being reflected in stronger pay growth. Regular pay growth was only a little more than half the pace of inflation over that period.”

The ONS head of labour market and household statistics, David Freeman, said: “The prospect of inflation moving higher in the autumn means that the MPC is likely to continue raising interest rates at its next few meetings.

“But market pricing implying that bank rate will reach 2.75% by end-2022 looks overstated given the data continue to offer little evidence to validate the MPC’s concerns about the risk of second round effects of inflation via higher wage growth.”

The Department for Work and Pensions minister Julie Marson highlighted data showing that 2 million more women had joined the labour market since 2010.

She said the government was also targeting the over-50s who have left the labour market with support to encourage them back to work.

There are about 1 million fewer workers in the economy than was forecast before the pandemic and it is understood from surveys that many of them are people over the age of 50 who suffered ill-health or took early retirement.

“That’s why we’re keeping up our support to get people at any age or career stage into work, including a new multimillion-pound offer to help the over-50s get into and remain in employment,” she said.

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